Machine Vision is a technology that allows automated mechanisms to perceive the information from the visual world around them and use it for the next automatic actions. It is usually used in the industry for automatic quality inspection, sorting, or robot guidance.
Unlike Computer Vision, which focuses on the processing and software side of things, Machine Vision integrated the vision components into real-world industrial processes. Computer Vision components are usually parts of Machine Vision systems and together they serve for control and management on the various stages of the production line.
Usually, the Machine Vision system includes photo or video cameras, lighting for them, software for analyzing the image and implementing Computer Vision methods, and output components. The output components can have a form of a robotic manipulator, screen, sorting machine, or logging device that saves the received information.
Why is it important?
The importance of Machine Vision is in integrating the ability of visual recognition into manufacturing processes. In particular, it is one of Robotic Process Automation’s (RPA) main driving forces. Modern material inspection, quality control, label inspection, or medical imaging systems all rely on Machine Vision to an extent.